Nitrogen Use Efficiency, Nitrogen Fertilizers, NUE, Nitrogen and the EnvironmentWorld Wheat , Maize (Corn) and Rice
Mayan god of Maize






17% of the worlds maize production takes place on marginal landscapes

Cinteotl, Aztec maize deity
2012 Maize, Rice, and Wheat area, World 
Country Maize area, ha Maize production, Mt Yield, Mt/ha
World 2012 177,379,507 872,066,770 4.9
World 2013 185,121,343
USA 35,359,790 273,832,130 7.8
Brazil 14,198,496 71,072,810 5.1
China 34,966,000 208,234,649 6.1
India 8,400,000 21,060,000 3.04
Mexico 6,923,900 22,069,294 3.18
Argentina 3,696,300 21,196,637 5.83
Country Wheat area, ha Wheat production, Mt Yield, Mt/ha
WORLD 215,489,485 670,875,110 3.11
China 24,139,000 120,580,000 5.0
India 29,900,900 94,880,000 3.2
Russian Fed. 21,277,900 37,719,640 1.8
USA 19,826,170 61,755,240 3.2
Australia 13,920,140 29,905,009 2.2
France 5,303,300 40,300,800 8.0
       
OK 2008 Metric 2,545,000 ha 4,532,667 Mt 2.75
Oklahoma 2013 5.5 million acres 115,500,000 bu 33 bu/ac
Oklahoma 2012 5.4 million acres 154,800,000 bu 36 bu/ac
Oklahoma 2009 5.4 million acres 77,000,000 bu 22 bu/ac
Oklahoma 2008 6.3 million acres 166,500,000 bu 41 bu/ac
Oklahoma 2007 6.0 million acres 82,402,000 bu 30 bu/ac
Country Rice area, ha Rice production, Mt Yield, Mt/ha
WORLD 163,199,090 719,738,273 4.41
  India 42,500,000 152,600,000 3.57
  China 30,297,000 204,285,000 6.73
  Indonesia 13,443,443 69,045,141 5.30
  Bangladesh 11,553,452 33,889,632 2.93
  Thailand 12,600,000 37,800,000 2.93
  Viet Nam 7,753,3163 43,661,570 5.58
FAOSTAT
Released June 30, 2015, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Corn Planted Acreage Down 2 Percent from 2014, 88.0 Million acres
Soybean Acreage Up 2 Percent, 85 Million acres
Wheat Acreage Down 1 Percent, 56.1 Million acres
Cotton Acreage Down 18 Percent, 9 Million acres

Corn planted area for all purposes in 2015 is estimated at 88.9 million acres, down 2 percent from last year. This represents the lowest planted acreage in the in the United States since 2010. Soybean planted area for 2015 is estimated at a record high 85.1 million acres, up 2 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 84.4 million acres, is also up 2 percent from 2014 and will be record high, if realized. Record high planted acreage is estimated in Kentucky, Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. All wheat planted area for 2015 is estimated at 56.1 million acres, down 1 percent from 2014. The 2015 winter wheat planted area, at 40.6 million acres, is down 4 percent from last year and down less than 1 percent from the previous estimate. Of this total, about 29.6 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 7.61 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.44 million acres are White Winter. Area planted to other spring wheat for 2015 is estimated at 13.5 million acres, up 4 percent from 2014. Of this total, about 12.6 million acres are Hard Red Spring wheat. Durum planted area for 2015 is estimated at 1.95 million acres, up 40 percent from the previous year. All cotton planted area for 2015 is estimated at 9.0 million acres, 18 percent below last year. Upland area is estimated at 8.85 million acres, down 18 percent from 2014. American Pima area is estimated at 148,000 acres, down 23 percent from 2014.
DRC, Uganda, USA, 2013 and 2016
Parameter DRC UGANDA USA Source
Population 64,205,000 37,579,000 324,276,754 FAO 2016
Total land area in agriculture 26,200,000 ha 14,415,000 ha 405,437,000 ha FAO 2016
Maize production/yr 14,000 tonnes 2,748,000 tonnes 353,699,441 tonnes FAO 2013
Maize area 13,750 ha 1,000,000 ha 35,478,012 ha FAO 2013
sorghum production/yr 7600 tonnes 299,000 ha 9,881,788 tonnes FAO 2013
Sorghum area 8400 ha 350,000 ha 2642600 ha FAO 2013
Other cereal production/yr        
Other cereal area        
Beef production/yr 64,689 head 1,336,147 head 31,421,694head FAO 2015
Sheep/hairless sheep production/yr 912,000 (2014) 1,921,000(2014) 5,245,000(2014) FAO2015
Other significant agric products        
Caloric intake/person/day 2,150 kcal 2,250 kcal 3,770 kcal 2005_07
Starvation statistics 1.4 million (2012) 10.7 million(20120 N/A Nation master
Other agriculture products in Congo and Uganda are: rice,millet,Paultry,Bananas, cassava,Beans and vegetables The main cereals being grown in Congo are: maize, rice and millet Caloric intake in developed countries/person/day is 3420 Kcal/person/day cal in take in developing world/ person/day is 2630Kcal/person/day Referances ChartsBin statistics collector team 2011, Daily Calorie Intake Per Capita, ChartsBin.com, viewed 26th July, 2016,
United States Department of Agriculture
2009 Maize, Rice, and Wheat in Asia and Africa
Asia   Africa  
2009 Maize ha's 2009 Maize ha's
China 30,478,998 Kenya 1,884,368
India 8,400,000 Ethiopia 1,768,122
Indonesia 4,160,659 Angola 1,554,096
Philippines 2,683,900 Ghana 954,400
Thailand 1,104,870 Zambia 911,942
Vietnam 1,086,800 Uganda 887,000
Pakistan 950,000 Egypt 835,000
Nepal 875,428 Cameroon 620,000
       
2009 Rice ha's 2009 Rice ha's
India 44,100,000 Mali 845,552
China 29,932,292 Egypt 750,000
Indonesia 12,883,576 Ghana 162,400
Bangladesh 11,500,000 Senegal 139,388
Thailand 10,963,126 Uganda 138,000
Viet Nam 7,440,100 Gambia 73,000
Philippines 4,532,300 Cameroon 50,000
Pakistan 2,883,000    
Cambodia 2,675,000    
       
2009 Wheat ha's 2009 Wheat ha's
India 28,400,000 Algeria 1,848,575
China 24,210,075 Ethiopia 1,453,817
Kazakhstan 14,329,400 Egypt 1,321,751
Pakistan 9,046,000 South Africa 642,500
Turkey 8,026,898 Sudan 400,000
Iran 6,647,367 Kenya 127,410
Afghanistan 2,500,000    
FAOSTAT

2015 Corn Acreage, USA
corn acres 2015, maize by state
2010 Corn, Wheat, Soybean Projections
 
  • Corn Acreage USA 2010
    Corn
    Acreage: 89,252,000 acres
    Production: 13.1 billion bushels (4.2 billion for ethanol)
    153 bu/ac
    $4.00 /bu
  • Wheat Acreage: 53,800,000 acres
    Production: 2.17 billion bushels
    42.5 bu/ac
    $5.30 /bu

  • Soybean Acreage: 78,161,000 acres
    Production: 2.88 billion bushels
    41.5 bu/ac
    $10.10 /bu

  • US Nutrient Use 2009
    12.05 million tons N
    4.5 million tons P2O5
    4.7 million tons K2O
2012, Soybeans, 2.971 billion bushels USA
   Wheat and Corn Prices in cents per bushel (Nov 00 to Jun 01)
  The Story of Wheat (from the Economist.com)
National Corn Growers Association
Average USA corn yield: 130 bu/ac
Corn Acres Harvested: 69.1 million acres
Corn Production USA: 9.0 billion bushels
2009 World Production, Mt
Corn Soybeans Wheat
USA 333010910 91417300 60314290
China 163118097 14500141 114950296
Brazil 51232447 56960732 4964665
Mexico 20202600 120900 4148000
Argentina 13121380 30993379 7573254
India 17300000 10217000 80680000
 
World Wheat, Corn, and Rice Production, 2003 (Courtesy FAO)
                                                                                                                   
                                                    Slide Show

                                              
USA Wheat Production 2007-2009

Table 1.1    
USA grain production

          Winter Wheat:  Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by State
             and United States, 2004 and Forecasted June 1, 2005 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       :  Area Harvested   :           Yield            :      Production
       :------------------------------------------------------------------------
 State :         :         :        :       2005        :           :
       :  2004   :  2005   :  2004  :-------------------:   2004    :   2005
       :         :         :        :  May 1  :  Jun 1  :           :
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       :    1,000 Acres       ------- Bushels -------     --- 1,000 Bushels ---
       :
AR     :    620       185     53.0     48.0      50.0        32,860       9,250
CA     :    320       265     85.0     76.0      67.0        27,200      17,755
CO     :  1,700     2,450     27.0     35.0      32.0        45,900      78,400
DE     :     47        47     58.0     58.0      60.0         2,726       2,820
GA     :    190       230     45.0     55.0      50.0         8,550      11,500
ID     :    700       730     90.0     90.0      91.0        63,000      66,430
IL     :    900       600     59.0     59.0      59.0        53,100      35,400
IN     :    440       340     62.0     65.0      65.0        27,280      22,100
KS     :  8,500     9,600     37.0     44.0      40.0       314,500     384,000
KY     :    380       300     54.0     57.0      60.0        20,520      18,000
MD     :    145       140     59.0     64.0      61.0         8,555       8,540
MI     :    640       640     64.0     70.0      70.0        40,960      44,800
MS     :    135        90     53.0     49.0      48.0         7,155       4,320
MO     :    930       600     52.0     52.0      49.0        48,360      29,400
MT     :  1,630     2,050     41.0     41.0      41.0        66,830      84,050
NE     :  1,650     1,700     37.0     45.0      43.0        61,050      73,100
NY     :    100       115     53.0     52.0      51.0         5,300       5,865
NC     :    460       430     50.0     45.0      45.0        23,000      19,350
OH     :    890       810     62.0     66.0      68.0        55,180      55,080
OK     :  4,700     4,300     35.0     34.0      34.0       164,500     146,200
OR     :    780       840     61.0     55.0      58.0        47,580      48,720
PA     :    135       170     49.0     53.0      51.0         6,615       8,670
SC     :    180       165     44.0     45.0      42.0         7,920       6,930
SD     :  1,250     1,400     45.0     45.0      47.0        56,250      65,800
TN     :    280       170     49.0     48.0      48.0        13,720       8,160
TX     :  3,500     3,500     31.0     30.0      30.0       108,500     105,000
VA     :    180       170     55.0     56.0      57.0         9,900       9,690
WA     :  1,750     1,850     67.0     68.0      69.0       117,250     127,650
WI     :    225       175     56.0     52.0      52.0        12,600       9,100
       :
Oth    :
 Sts 2/:  1,105     1,007     38.5     39.6      39.6        42,573      39,891
       :
US     : 34,462    35,069     43.5     45.4      44.1     1,499,434   1,545,971
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Beginning in 2005, WI is published individually during the forecast season
    and WY is included in the Other States total.  Other States totals have been
    computed to reflect this change.
2/  Other States include AL, AZ, FL, IA, LA, MN, NV, NJ, NM, ND, UT, WV, and
    WY.  Individual State level estimates will be published in the "Small Grains
    2005 Summary."

STATE

1999

1998

1997

Wheat, millions, bu

Kansas

432.4

494.9

501.4

North Dakota

242.1

307.7

269.3

Montana

154.3

168.7

181.5

Oklahoma

150.5

198.9

169.6

Washington

124.1

157.4

165.1

Texas

122.4

136.5

118.9

South Dakota

120.5

120.8

98

Colorado

107.2

103.4

90.1

Idaho

104.5

102.4

113.8

Nebraska

86.4

82.8

70.3

Minnesota

79.2

80.4

77.3

Ohio

72.1

74.2

68.6

Illinois

60.6

57.6

66.5

Arkansas

51.5

45.9

39.3

Missouri

44.1

57.5

58.3

Michigan

41.4

30.7

32.2

California

37.7

38.5

41.6

Oregon

34.6

57.5

60.4

Indiana

33.6

35.7

36.5

North Carolina

28.4

27.8

34.1

Kentucky

24.6

24.7

22.6

Tennessee

18.3

15.1

16.2

Virginia

13.6

11

17.4

Maryland

12

10.7

14.2

Pennsylvania

10.2

9.6

9.1

New Mexico

10.2

7.9

9.9

Georgia

9.6

10.3

15.4

South Carolina

9.4

7.6

15

Utah

8.9

8.8

8.7

Arizona

8.3

15.8

8.7

Mississippi

8.2

6.7

7.5

New York

8.1

7

7.2

Wisconsin

7.4

7.6

8.5

Wyoming

6.4

6.7

7.5

Louisiana

4.9

3.9

4.2

Alabama

4.3

3.5

3.7

Delaware

3.9

3.7

5.3

New Jersey

1.8

2.3

2.3

Iowa

1.3

1.4

1.0

Nevada

1.3

1.2

1.8